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刘备学了刘邦的一个恶习,这是蜀汉失败的原因?

发布时间:01-08栏目:风云人物作者:daniel

刘备学了刘邦的一个恶习,这是蜀汉失败的原因?

  HANGAOZULIUBANG,SHIZHONGGUOGUDAIHUANGDIZHONGYIGEFEICHANGYOUGEXINGDERENWU。TACHUSHENWEIJIANCAOGEN,QUECONGYIWUSUOYOUWANCHENGDAOFUYOUTIANXIADEHUALIZHUANSHEN,CONGRENRENDOUKANBUQIDEDICENGWULAI,YIYUECHENGWEIWANZHONGYANGSHIDEDAHANHUANGDI,QIXIONGXINHECAIGAN,QUESHIFEIYIBANRENSUONENGWANGQIXIANGBEI,QIANZAIZHIHOURENGRANLINGRENTANWEIGUANZHI。

  DANLIUBANGZIYOUJIAJINGPINHAN,BUDUSHISHU,CONGWEISHOUDAOGUOLIANGHAOJIAOYU,ZHANGDAHOUHUNJIJIANGHU,JIEJIAOLEHENDUOHEIBAILIANGDAORENWU,DAOZHITADESHENSHANGYEBUKEBIMIANDIZHANRANLEYIXIEEXI,CHENGWEITADEYISHENGXIACI。TADEYIGEEXISHUBAINIANHOUBEILIUBEIXUEHUI,ZUIZHONGDAOZHILIUBEISHUHANDAYEGONGBAICHUICHENG。

  LIUBEIDEZHEIGEEXIHENZAOJIUTIXIANCHULAI。DONGHANMONIAN,JINGZHOUDIQUYOUYIGEMINGMANTIANXIADERUXUEZONGSHI,MINGJIAOSONGZHONG。SONGZHONGYISHENGKUXINGUYIZUANYANRUXUE,ZHUSHULISHUO,ZAIDANGSHIYINGXIANGHENDA。JINGZHOUMULIUBIAOTINGSHUOLETADESHENGMING,BATAPINQINGDAOSHENBIANDANRENMULIAO。

  GONGYUAN207NIAN,CAOCAODAJUNNANXIAGONGJIJINGZHOU,LIUBIAOQIAZAICISHIBINGSI,TAERZILIUCONGJICHENGLEJINGZHOUMUDEZHIWU。LIUCONGZIGANBINGLIBORUO,BUSHICAOCAODUISHOU,YUSHIXIANGCAOCAOSONGSHANGJIANGSHU。RANHOULIUCONGPAISONGZHONGWEISHIZHELAIZHAOTUNBINGXINYEDELIUBEI,GAOSUTACISHI。

  LIUBEITINGHOUYOUJINGYOUNU,TABENLAIHAIDAZHEDUOZHANJINGZHOUDEXIAOSUANPAN,MEIXIANGDAOLIUCONGQUEYIJINGTOUJIANGCAOCAO。LIUBEIYINUZHIXIAQIANNUYUSONGZHONG,EHENHENDICHIZETA“JINDUANQINGTOU,BUZUYIJIEFEN,YICHIZHANGFULINBIEFUSHAQINGBEI!”RANHOUBASONGZHONGGANPAO。

  JIANANSHIJIUNIAN(214NIAN),LIUBEIDUOZHANYIZHOU,GONGQUCHENGDOU,DUILIUZHANGSHOUXIADEDAPIGUANLIQUANPANJIESHOU,RANGTAMENGUANFUYUANZHI,XIEZHUTAZHILIYIZHOU。DANYIZHOUSHUJUNTAISHOUXUJINGQUEBEITAPAICHUZAIWAI,WEISHOUYUYIGUANBANZHI。XUJINGSHIHANMOSANGUOSHIQIZHUMINGDEDARU,YIDEXINGGAOSHANG、CAIHUAHENGYIZHUCHENG,MINGMANTIANXIA,DANLIUBEIRENWEITAZHISHIGETUYOUXUMINGDESHUDAIZI,HAOWUYONGCHU,SUOYIDUITABULIBUCAI。

  HOULAIFAZHENGQUANSHUOLIUBEI:“TIANXIAYOUHUOXUYUERWUQISHIZHE,XUJINGSHIYE。RANJINZHUGONGSHICHUANGDAYE,TIANXIAZHIRENBUKEHUSHUO,JINGZHIFUCHENG,BOLIUSIHAI,RUOQIBULI,TIANXIAZHIRENYISHIWEIZHUGONGWEIJIANXIANYE”,XUJINGZHEIYANGDEDAMINGSHIRUGUOBUBEIRENYONG,KONGPAHUIRANGTIANXIARENCAIHANXIN,LIUBEICAITONGYIRENYONGXUJING,DANYEZHISHIBATADANGPAIWEIGONGQILAIERYI。

  ZHANGWUYUANNIAN(221NIAN),LIUBEIJIHUACHUBINGFAWU。SHUHANZHUMINGRUXUEXUEZHEQINMIJIELIKUQUANLIUBEIBUKEYUDONGWUWANGDONGDAOBING,POHUAISUNLIULIANMENG,FOUZEHOUHUANWUQIONG。LIUBEIQUEBORANDANU,“ZUOXIAYUYOUBI”,BATAGUANRUDALAO,XIANXIESANGMING。

  从上面三件事可以看出,刘备的这个恶习就是蔑视儒生。刘邦当年就以看不起儒生而闻名,“沛公不好儒,诸客冠儒冠来者,沛公辄解其冠,溲溺其中。与人言,常大骂”,对待儒生态度非常恶劣。刘备的这个恶习与他一脉相承,如出一辙。

  LIUBEIZHISUOYIQINGSHIRUSHENG,YONG《SANGUOYANYI》ZHONGDEHUALAISHUO,WUFEISHIYINWEIRUSHENGMEN“WEIWUDIAOCHONG,ZHUANGONGHANMO,QINGCHUNZUOFU,HAOSHOUQIONGJING;BIXIASUIYOUQIANYAN,XIONGZHONGSHIWUYICE。SUIRIFUWANYAN,YIHEQUZAI!”LIUBEIDEYONGRENCELVEFEICHANGZHIJIEERXIANSHI,YAODESHIZHUGELIANGWUHUJIANGZHEIYANGNENGGOUYUNCHOUWEIWOCHONGFENGXIANZHENDERENCAI,BUWENBUWUDERUSHENGZIRANBUTAOXI。

  DANLIUBEIZHEIYANGZUOFANLEYIGEDACUO。DONGHANSHIGUDAIRUXUEDEJUEQIXINGWANGSHIQI,SHENRURENXIN,ZAITIANXIARENXINZHONGYIBEISHIWEI“TIANDIGANGJI”,RUXUEZONGSHIMENSUIRANZHAYIKANZHIHUIKUAKUAQITANXIABIQIANYAN,DANZAIDANGSHI,TAMENQUESHIYINGXIANGLIZUIDADEYIPIREN,SHENWEISHEHUIGUIZEZHIDINGZHE,ZHUDAOZHULIUHUAYUQUANHEYULUNGAODI。ZHIYOUZUNZHONG、ZHONGYONGZHEIXIEREN,CAINENGGENGHAOGENGKUAISHOUFUMINXIN,XIYINTENGXUNCAIPIAOYOUZHIRENCAI。ERYIDANSHIQULETAMENDEZHICHI,ZEHUIBEISHIWEINANCHENGQIHOUDECAOKOUSHANZEI。

  SHUHANHOUQICHUXIANQINGHUANGBUJIEDERENCAIHUANG,YULIUBEIZHEIZHONGMIESHIRUSHENGDETAIDUYOUZHIJIEGUANXI,ZUIZHONGSHIQUMINXINHEGAOZHIRENQUNDEZHICHI,DAOZHISHUHANGONGBAICHUICHENG。LIUBANGDANGNIANSUIYOUCIEXI,DANTADEDUISHOUXIANGYUBITAGENGBUZUNZHONGRUSHENG,SUOYITACAIDEYIJIAOXINGSHENGCHU。ERLIUBEIMEIYOUNEIMEXINGYUN,TADEDUISHOUCAOCAOBENSHENJIUSHI“JIANANWENXUE”ZONGSHIRENWU,SHENBIANTUANJIELEYIDAPIRUXUEDASHI,ZONGHESHILIYURENCAICHUBEIHOUDUYUANSHENGLIUBEI。LIUBEIBUZHONGSHIRUSHENGZHONGYUZISHIEGUO。

TENGXUNCAIPIAOFENXIANGZHUANZAI→ LIUBEIXUELELIUBANGDEYIGEEXI,ZHEISHISHUHANSHIBAIDEYUANYIN?

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